• Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources

    InBIO Associate Laboratory

    Research Center in  Biodiversity and Genetic Resources
  • Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources

    InBIO Associate Laboratory

    Research Center in  Biodiversity and Genetic Resources
  • Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources

    InBIO Associate Laboratory

    Research Center in  Biodiversity and Genetic Resources
  • Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources

    InBIO Associate Laboratory

    Research Center in  Biodiversity and Genetic Resources
 

 

 

 
 
INVITED SEMINAR: THE WEB-OF-LIFE – AN EVOLUTIONARY STIMULUS IN CHANGING ENVIRONMENTS?
Michael Arnold (Department of Genetics, University of Georgia, USA) | May 24, 2016 - 12h00 | Biology Department (FC4 Building), Auditorium 4.01, Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto
2016-05-20
 

 

 

ABOUT THE SEMINAR

 

One of the most spectacular facets of the newer studies of evolution has been the demonstration that evolution has not proceeded by slow, even steps but that seen in the large there have been bursts of creative activity.” With this provocative statement, Anderson and Stebbins (1954) began their description of Hybridization as an Evolutionary Stimulus. Their arguments concerning the role of natural hybridization in promoting evolutionary innovations emphasized the catalyst of genetic admixture leading to introgressed genomes and hybrid species. In particular, they predicted that recombination between divergent genomes had provided the material necessary for natural selection to rapidly produce novel phenotypes capable of invading the niches opened during climatic perturbations. In this seminar, I will consider “climate change” to include environmental fluctuations caused by climatic shifts or by dispersal to a different habitat regime; it includes both micro- and macro-habitat modifications. This broadened definition is chosen intentionally in order to reflect how temporally- and geographically widespread climate change has been and thus how often it catalyzes evolutionary innovations through associated genetic exchange. In addition to the conceptual breadth provided by this definition, I will highlight the organismic diversity reflecting genetic admixture during climate perturbations by discussing examples from across different domains of life. Using a diversity of clades I will thus illustrate the creative outcomes of genetic admixture associated with climatic shifts, including adaptive evolutionary change and biodiversification (as reflected by the origin of single evolutionary lineages as well as entire adaptive radiations).

 

ABOUT MICHAEL L. ARNOLD

 

Mike Arnold, Distinguished Research Professor at the University of Georgia, has championed the view of genetic exchange as a critical evolutionary process across all domains of life, and he has provided a wealth of empirical data and synthetic works to support this hypothesis. Arnold’s work has thus demonstrated that genetic exchange is a critical evolutionary process affecting both adaptation and diversification. Mike is particularly well known for his study of Louisiana Irises, which has become a classic example of the role of hybridization in adaptive evolution and speciation. Mike is an author of four books and more than 130 academic articles.

 

This event is open to all the academic community and limited to the capacity of the room.

 

For further information about this event, please contact Professor Paulo Célio Alves at pcalves@fc.up.pt