LINKS

Useful links and bibliographic references to know more about biodiversity in the Sahara, the crocodiles and how to travel overland in the Sahara.



SAHARAN BIODIVERSITY



Sahara Conservation Fund

Parc National du Banc d’Arguin

Meseta de Tagant

Groupe d’Étude et des Researches des Ecologistes Sahariens

Bibliothèque numérique sur la Mauritanie



CROCODILES



IUCN Crocodile Specialist Group

Crocodilians Natural History & Conservation

The African Crocodile Survey Database

Desert-Adapted Crocs Found in Africa



SAHARA OVERLAND



Sahara Overland

Sahariens

Sahara & Afrika

Sahara.it

Sahara Crosser's Corner

The Africa Overland Network

The Overland Expedition Resource

Reinhart Mazur's TLC Expeditionen

Busch Taxi



BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES


Scientific Publications

Baha el Din S (2006) A Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Egypt. The American University
in Cairo Press, Cairo.

Barlow C, Wacher T, Disley T (1997) A Field Guide to Birds of The Gambia and Senegal.
Pica Press, Sussex.

Barry JP, Jaquen X, Musso J, Riser J (1987) Le problème des divisions bioclimatiques et floristiques
au Sahara. Note VI: entre Sahel et Sahara: l'Adrar mauritanien. Approches biogéographique et géomorphologique. Ecologia Mediterranea 13, 131-181.

Bons J, Geniez P (1996) Anfíbios y Reptiles de Marruecos (Incluindo Sáhara Occidental).
Atlas Biogeográfico. A.H.E., Barcelona.

Borrow N, Demey R (2008) Birds of Western Africa. Christopher Helm, London.

Brooks N (2004). Drought in the African Sahel: Long Term Perspectives and Future Prospects.
Tyndall Centre Working Paper No. 61. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research.

Charco J (2001) Guía de los Árboles y Arbustos del Norte de África: Claves de Determinación, Descripciones, Ilustraciones y Mapas de Distribución. Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional, Madrid.

Chippaux JP (2001). Les Serpents d'Afrique Occidentale et Centrale. IRD éditions, Paris.

Cloudsley-Thompson JL (1954) Biology of Deserts. The Proceedings of a Symposium on the Biology
of Hot and Cold Deserts. Institute of Biology, London.

de Smet K (1998) Status of the Nile crocodile in the Sahara desert. Hydrobiologia 391, 81-86.

Dumont HJ (1982) Relict distribution patterns of aquatic animals: another tool in evaluating Late Pleistocene climate changes in the Sahara and Sahel. Palaeoecology of Africa 14, 1-24.

Dupuy AR (1967) La faune menacée de l'Algerie et sa protection. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles et Physiques du Maroc 47, 329-354.

Ezcurra E (ed.) (2006) Global Deserts Outlook. United Nations Environment Programme, Denmark. www.unep.org

Fabre J (2005) Géologie du Sahara Occidental et Central. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren.

Geniez P, Mateo JA, Geniez M, Pether J (2004) The Amphibians and Reptiles of Western Sahara. An Atlas and Field Guide. Editions Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.

Held IM, Delworth TL, Lu J, Findell KL, Knutson TR (2005) Simulation of Sahel drought in the 20th
and 21st centuries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 102, 17891-17896.

Joger U (1981) Zur herpetofaunistik Westafrikas. Bonner Zoologische Beitrage 32, 297-340.

Jonsson L (1996) Birds of Europe with North Africa and the Middle East. A. & C. Black, Londres.

Kingdon J (1997) The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press, Londres.

Kröpelin S, Verschuren D, Lézine A-M, Eggermont H, Cocquyt C, Francus P, Cazet J-P, Fagot M, Rumes B, Russel JM, Darius F, Conley DJ, Schuster M, Von Suchodoletz H, Engstrom DM (2008) Climate-driven ecosystem succession in the Sahara: the past 6000 years. Science 320, 765-768.

Le Berre M (1989) Faune du Sahara, 1. Poissons, Amphibiens et Reptiles. LeChevalier - R. Chabaud, Paris.

Le Berre M (1990) Faune du Sahara, 2. Mammiferes. LeChevalier - R. Chabaud, Paris.

Le Houérou HN (1992) Outline of the biological history of the Sahara.
Journal of Arid Environments 22, 3-30.

Le Houérou HN (1997) Climate, flora and fauna changes in the Sahara over the past 500 million years. Journal of Arid Environments 37, 619-647.

Le Houérou HN (2001) Biogeography of the arid steppeland north of the Sahara. Journal of Arid Environments 48, 103-128.

Lévêque C (1990) Relict tropical fish fauna in Central Sahara. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters 1, 39-48.

Lévêque C (1995) River and stream ecosystems of NorthWestern Africa. In: River and Streams Ecosystems, Cushing CE, Cummins KW, Minshal GW (eds.). Elsevier, Amsterdão: 519-536.

Lluch P (2006) Les Crocodiles du Nil du Nord Sahel. In: Crocodiles. Proceedings of the 18th Working Meeting of the Crocodile Specialist Group. IUCN, The World Conservation Union, Gland,
Switzerland and Cambridge UK: 104-110.

Lluch P, Robin S, Lescure J (2004) Le Crocodile du Nil, Crocodylus niloticus Laurenti, 1768 dans le Tagant (Mauritanie). Bulletin de la Sociéte Herpetologique Francaise 111-112, 5-23.

Masseti M, Bruner E (2009) The primates of the western Palaearctic: a biogeographical, historical, and archaeozoological review. Journal of Anthropological Sciences 87, 33-91.

Messerli B, Winiger M (1992) Climate, environmental change, and resources of the African Mountains from the Mediterranean to the Equator. Mountain Research and Development 12, 315-336.

Middleton N (2009) Deserts: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Monod T (1961) Majâbat al-Koubrâ (supplément). Bulletin de l'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire 23, 591-637.

Monod T (1964) Majabât al-Koubrâ (2e supplément). Bulletin de l'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire 26, 1393-1402.

Padial JM (2006) Commented distributional list of the reptiles of Mauritania (West Africa). Graellsia 62, 159-178.

Padial JM, de La Riva I (2004) Annotated checklist of the amphibians of Mauritania (West Africa).
Revista Española de Herpetologia 18, 89-99.

Papenfuss TJ (1969) Preliminary analysis of the reptiles of arid central West Africa. The Wasmann Journal of Biology 27, 249-325.

Quézel P (1965) La Végétation du Sahara: du Tchad à la Mauritanie. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Estugarda.

Quézel P (1978) Analysis of the flora of Mediterranean and Saharan Africa. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 65, 479-534.

Sarnthein M (1978) Sand deserts during glacial maximum and climatic optimum. Nature 272, 43-46.

Schleich HH, Kästle W, Kabisch K (1996) Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz Scientific Publishers, Koenigstein.

Schlüter T (2006) Geological Atlas of Africa with notes on stratigraphy, tectonics, economic geology, geohazards and geosites of each country. Springer, Berlim.

Schuster M, Duringer P, Ghienne J-F, Vignaud P, Mackaye HT, Likius A, Brunet M (2006) The age of the Sahara desert. Science 316, 821.

Shine T, Böhme W, Nickel H, Thies DF, Wilms T (2001) Rediscovery of relict populations of the nile crocodile Crocodylus niloticus in south-eastern Mauritania, with observations on their natural history. Oryx 35, 260-262.

Tellería JL, Ghaillani HEM, Fernández-Palacios JM, Bartolomé J, Montiano E (2008) Crocodiles Crocodylus niloticus as a focal species for conserving water resources in Mauritanian Sahara. Oryx 42, 292-295.

Toulmin C (2009) Climate Change in Africa. Zed Books, London.

Trape J-F, Mané Y (2006) Guide des Serpents d’Afrique Occidentale: Savane et Désert. IRD Editions, Paris.

Trape S (2009) Impact of climate change on the relict tropical fish fauna of Central Sahara: threat
for the survival of Adrar mountains fishes, Mauritania. PLoS ONE 4, e4400.

Ward D (2009) The Biology of Deserts. Oxford University Press, Oxford.




Generic publications

Bernus E (1981) Touaregs Nigériens. Unité culturelle et diversité régionale d'un peuple pasteur.
Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer, Paris.

Decoudras P-M, Durou J-M (2001) Sahara du Niger: Aïr, Ténéré, Kawar, Djado.
Les Creátions du Pelican, Paris.

Dragesco-Joffé A (1993) La Vie Sauvage au Sahara. Delachaux et Niestlé, Lausanne.

Durou J-M, Loncke S (2000) Les Peuls Bororos Nomades du Sahel. Vilos, Paris.

Julivert M (2003) El Sáhara - Tierra, Pueblos y Culturas. Publicaciones de la Universidad
de Valencia, Valencia.

Lemmens F (2007) Sahara: land beyond imagination. Dutch Publishers.

Ritter H (1980) Die Letzten Karawanen in der Sahara. Atlantis Verlag.

Several authors (2007) Sahara: el desierto de belleza extrema. Lonely Planet Magazine 4.

Several authors (2008) Sáhara: un mundo que cambia. Altaïr (Barcelona) 51.

Vabre P (2005) Mauritanie: Terre de Rêve et d'Aventure. Georges Naeff, Genebra.




Travel Guides

Anaya Touring Club (2006) Guía Total: Libia. Grupo Anaya, Madrid.

Beallet S, Ribas C (2001) La Mauritanie au GPS. Editions Takla Makane, Aubagne.

Geels J (2006) Niger. Bradt Travel Guides, U.K.

Ham A, Luckham N, Sattin A (2007) Algeria. Lonely Planet Travel guide, U.K.

Perellada TM (2006) Rumbo a Mauritania y Malí. Editorial Laertes, Barcelona.

Scott C (2004) Sahara Overland – A Route and Planning Guide. Trailblazer Publications, Surrey.

Scott C (2009) Morocco Overland – Route Guide: from the Atlas to the Sahara.
Trailblazer Publications, U.K.

Vaes B, del Marmol G, d'Otreppe A (2000) Guides Bleus Évasion: Sahara. Hachette Livres.